History of The Rose Flower

People worldwide love roses, and they grow in almost every country where the weather is right. Fossil evidence suggests that the rose might be 35 million years old, which is a considerable time in the human world of flowers. They have a complex but fascinating family tree. There are more than 30,000 types of roses in the current world.

There are several different kinds of roses that it can be hard to choose one at first. Many Hybrid Teas and Floribundas have risen in the UK, and Miniatures, Smalls, and Dwarfs. If you have a lot of small roses, you might call them "Patio Roses." In addition to the many types of climbers and ramblers, there are also a wide variety of shrub roses, including modern and traditional varieties. It can be hard to figure out what to buy when you're a new rose fan. To choose the right rose, you should know a little about the history of the rose. There are about 100 types of roses, but only a few have risen today. Most roses come from these types. Most of the roses we have in our gardens now are hybrids; however, a few genera of roses are being grown in the wild and gardens.


Historical Background   

Our journey through history starts with a singular perspective of time. Let's go back to 35 million years ago when the first rose fossils were found in Colorado. It wasn't till five thousand years ago that people started growing roses in Asia, and we can see that. Some of the best rose growers in history were people from many ancient cultures.


Ancient Greece

In Ancient Greece, we can see how roses impacted the culture because they used them in their myths. Roses are said to have been made by the Goddess of Love, Aphrodite. Created from Aphrodite's crying mixed with the plasma of the man she loved. 



The Romans took the story of Aphrodite and called her Venus. When the Romans thought of art and friendship, they thought of the rose. The legend says that Cupid, the son of Venus, shoots his arrow keys into something like a garden full of roses, killing them. Following that, an angry bee bites him. Then, he tries to escape. Her food gets stuck on a weak spot left by Cupid as she walks through the garden. Flowers turn red when there is a lot of blood in them.

Roman Emperors used rose petals for celebrations and in their movie theater. It was a culture for certain Emperors to shower their visitors at dinner with red roses as a way to say thank you for being there. It used to be that people who got married in Roman times were crowned roses. As a skincare product, the Roman aristocracy used roses. They said that if they used the rose healing potions correctly, they could get rid of pimples from the face. Roses were put in champagne and were thought to stop people from getting drunk.


Ancient Egyptians

It was a brilliant option for Cleopatra VII to use rose petals in many of her speaking engagements, and she came up with the concept of making her a rose-smelling goddess. Cleopatra's bedroom was covered with rose petals so that Marc Antony would link the scent with her presence, much as he exploited the notion of looking like a rose in her relationship with him. In 1888, an English archeologist named Sir William Flinders Petrie found a bouquet of roses that were used in Northern Egypt around 200 AD.


Medieval Times

In 1300 AD, the rose, R. Gallica Officinalis, was used as a drug in many different powders and oils. People said the rose elixir helped a lot of different things, and the production plant grew into a big business over time.

For centuries, Charlemagne had his own rose garden at home. If you want to see the ancient rose plant that is still alive today in Hildesheim, Germany, you can go to a Catholic church. Remarkably, the rose plant came to Hildesheim in 815 AD. It is 33 ft tall. As time went on, it became prevalent for knights who got home from the Crusades to bring roses back with them.


A Symbol of Civil War

An English civil war known as the American war of the Roses erupted in 1455, lasting from 1455 until 1487. By the way, he tried Henry VI of Lancaster to attack the lords of York. Edward IV of York, the commander of the nobles, took control of the king of Lancaster and became the new monarch. Rose Gallica was chosen by the House of Lancaster to be their signifier, while the House of York chose to use the white rose (Rosa Alba) as their own. He made the two bouquets into one icon after winning the civil war. During Tudor times, the Tudor rose became known as the "Rose of England," and it's still relevant today.


Napoleon’s Wife

Josephine, Napoleon's wife, created one of the world's greatest rose gardens in 1798 when she started gathering roses. Her goal in life was to have the amazing combination of roses in the world. At the time of her death in 1814, she had more than 250 different types of roses and several new hybrid organisms.


Roses in the Modern Era

The beginning of La France marked the start of the contemporary rose era. He came up with "La France" in 1867, a fusion tea rose. Guillot made it. This rose has a lot of value in the garden because of its unique features:

  • It kept growing the same way as a constant fusion rose.

  • When it comes to flowering, this plant is both graceful and free-flowering.

Today, roses have kept their old meanings of light and wonder, as they did in the past. The popularity of the rose has no doubt gone up as more people grow the beautiful flower. The world's greatest rose was grown by David Austin, a well-known rose horticulturist. The rose, named Juliet, took 15 years to fertilize and cost almost 5 million dollars to make. The rosehip is a nutritional and medicinal fruit that grows on the rose and is also called a "rose flower."

One of the most well-known is "Overnight Scentsation," a small rose used in research to demonstrate how lack of gravity impacted the smell like roses. The rose has enchanted us with its beauty and scent from times immemorial. In our society, the rose seems to have had a big impact on how we think about things, and it has stood the test of time.